NMN ameliorated radiation induced damage in NRF2-deficient cell and mice via regulating SIRT6 and SIRT7

Time: 2024-05

Risk of cancer often increases with aging, and radiotherapy is an essential component of treatment. As for abdominal and pelvic cancer, radiotherapy always inevitably causes injury to intestines through direct DNA damage or overload of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) has been identified as a key protective factor against ionizing-radiation induced damage through promoting DNA damage repair and antioxidant modulation. However, the level of NRF2 always decreases with aging. Here, we demonstrated that NRF2 deficiency aggravated cellular DNA damage and the intestinal pathological lesion. Overexpression of SIRT6 or SIRT7 could improve cell proliferation and protect against radiation injury in NRF2 knock-out (KO) cells by modulating oxidative-stress and DNA damage repair. Consistently, supplement of nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN), the agonist of sirtuins, increased the level of SIRT6 and SIRT7 in NRF2 KO cells, concomitant with reduced cellular ROS level and ameliorated DNA damage. In vivo, long-term oral administration of NMN attenuated the radiation-induced injury of jejunum, increased the number of intestinal stem cells, and promoted the ability of intestinal proliferation in NRF2-/- mice. Together, our results indicated that SIRT6 and SIRT7 had involved in scaveenging ROS and repairing DNA damage, and NMN could be a promising candidate for preventing radiation damage when NRF2 is lacking.

 

Keywords: DNA damage; NMN; NRF2; ROS; SIRT6; SIRT7.

 

DOI:10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2022.10.267

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